Use of Grant Funds
The following are guidelines to assist grantees and institutional administrators in their interpretation of the acceptable use of grant funds. The list of examples is not exhaustive. Grantees are encouraged to communicate with their relevant institutional contacts (e.g., business officer, research grants officer). For further information on any of the Agencies’ policies and requirements, contact the Agency's finance division.
Grant funds must contribute towards the direct costs of the research for which the funds were awarded, and the benefits should be directly attributable to the grant. The institution pays for the indirect or overhead costs associated with managing the research funded by the agencies (see indirect costs section).
The funds must be used effectively and economically, and the expenses must be essential for the research for which the funds were awarded.
Contributions to shared expenses must be directly attributable to the funded research program or project, and agreed to and authorized by the grantee.
Adjunct professors whose primary place of employment is outside the university sector can only use their funds for direct support of students (salaries or stipends and student travel costs). All other costs must be covered through other sources of funding (NSERC only).
Eligible and non-eligible expenses specific to a program are detailed in the Agency’s program literature. The Agency’s program literature prevails over this guide.
In the absence of a written Agency policy, the institutional policy, (e.g., per diem rates for travel), is to be applied. In the presence of both an Agency policy and an institutional policy, the Agencies require compliance with the involved Agency policy, recognizing that grantees may also have to comply with institutional policies.
The institution has the right and responsibility to withhold payment of expenses submitted for reimbursement by the grantee that contravene Agency requirements or institutional policies.
Eligible institutions and their affiliated research hospitals and institutes receive an annual grant through the Research Support Fund (RSF) to help pay for a portion of the central and departmental administrative costs associated with managing the research funded by the agencies. Examples of costs supported by the program include the salaries for staff or students who provide administrative support for researchers and their projects, training costs for workplace health and safety, costs related to the maintenance of libraries and laboratories and administrative costs associated with getting a patent for an invention. As a condition of funding, institutions must publicly disclose how they invest their RSF grant to help them to maintain a world-class research environment.
Costs incurred between the date of the grant announcement on the Agencies’ website and the effective funding start date of the grant, are eligible. However, the Agencies will not assume any responsibilities for any costs should a change in funding occur. These expenses are subject to approval at the discretion of the institution.
For NSERC Project Grants Only
In exceptional circumstances, as determined in the sole discretion of NSERC, NSERC will agree to consider the eligibility of certain retroactive costs that would be defined as costs incurred prior to the official start date of a grant.
The Agency will not assume any responsibilities for retroactive expenses in the event that the project or expenses are not approved.
Retroactive expenses are evaluated on a case-by-case basis by NSERC in accordance with the following four criteria:
- they must be "eligible expenses" as per the sections below and/or the relevant program description;
- they must be identified as retroactive expenses and justification provided at the time of submission of the original application;
- they must relate to a project grant application which has been approved for funding; and
- the cost must be incurred between the submission date of the original application and the official start date of the approved project.
Stipend: Financial support given to a recipient of a training award, or provided by a grantee to a trainee, to support them while they are working on their research thesis and/or gaining research experience.
Salary: Remuneration for work performed by research personnel that contributes toward the direct cost of research for which the funds were awarded, in accordance with institutional employment contracts or collective agreements, where applicable.
Eligible Compensation-Related Expenses
- Salaries* and the actual cost of related federal, provincial and institutional non-discretionary benefits for work performed by research personnel that contributes towards the direct cost of research for which the funds were awarded, shall be in accordance with institutional policies, and must meet the following condition, as applicable:
- Salaries to postdoctoral fellows are limited to two years' support (NSERC and SSHRC). Three years' support is acceptable, when justified, to attract exceptional candidates from outside Canada. The three-year appointment must be offered up front and reported to the Agency with a written justification within one month of an offer being accepted (NSERC only).
- Stipends* paid to trainees (e.g., undergraduate, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows) shall be in accordance with institutional policies, and must meet the following conditions, as applicable.
- Stipends to postdoctoral fellows are limited to two years' support (NSERC and SSHRC). Three years' support is acceptable, when justified, to attract exceptional candidates from outside Canada. The three-year appointment must be offered up front and reported to the Agency with a written justification within one month of an offer being accepted (NSERC only).
- Stipends to visiting researchers up to a maximum of $2,000 per month for up to 125 days per year, not including travel and subsistence costs (NSERC only).
- For those with a PhD degree (or equivalent), the maximum period of support is three years (CIHR only).
- For those with a health professional degree who are not enrolled in a graduate degree program, the maximum period of support is four years (CIHR only).
- For those with a health professional degree who are enrolled in a graduate degree program, the maximum period of support to complete the degree is five years and includes funding received to complete a Master's degree or non-degree research training (CIHR only).
* The Agencies defer to the Canada Revenue Agency for all taxation-related questions.
- Persons paid from Agency grants are not considered Agency employees, scholars or fellows.
- Institutional non-discretionary benefits normally include long- and short-term disability insurance; life insurance; pension benefits; medical, vision and dental care benefits; and parental leave. Institutional non-discretionary benefits must not contravene Agency guidelines.
- Grant funds may be used to supplement salaries or stipends paid from other sources, such as other Agency grants and individual training awards.
- Trainees may be hired as research personnel on a grant (normally on a part-time basis, i.e., hourly) and/or be paid a stipend from a grant (in which case the work done is part of the training of the student and constitutes the thesis or comparable academic requirement).
- Trainees and research associates may receive a salary and/or stipend on grants including those on which they are co-applicants (CIHR only).
- Postdoctoral researchers holding a fellowship or receiving a stipend or salary from another researcher’s grant may apply for and hold their own research grant (SSHRC only).
Other Types of Eligible Compensation-Related Expenses
- Consulting fees.
- Fees paid for the purpose of participant recruitment, such as modest incentives to consider participation (i.e., to establish a potential participant pool), where approved by a Research Ethics Board.
- Fees paid to research participants, such as modest incentives for participation, where approved by a Research Ethics Board.
- Subcontract costs.
- Clerical salaries directly related to dissemination activities, including manuscript preparation.
- Honoraria for guest speakers.
- Research time stipends only when awarded (SSHRC only).
- Salary research allowances (SSHRC only) or release time allowances (CIHR only) only when included in a particular funding opportunity.
- Salary to project coordinators (SSHRC only).
- Any part of the salary, or consulting fee, to the grantee or to other persons whose status would make them eligible to apply for grants from the Agency (exception: see note above regarding Postdoctoral researchers SSHRC only).
- Any form of compensation to co-applicants and collaborators of the grant regardless of their eligibility to apply for grants (NSERC and SSHRC only).
- Administrative (or management) charges and fees.
- Compensation-related benefits to recipients of stipends.
- Discretionary severance and separation packages.
- Payments to practicing clinicians who wish to participate in the research on a part-time basis, or to individuals who wish to participate in the research as an investigator and who at the same time receive remuneration for teaching or service work, except when deemed eligible in a particular funding opportunity (CIHR only).
- Release time allowance requests will not be considered for the following (CIHR only):
- Individuals with salaried academic research appointments.
- The cost of teaching time to allow the individual to engage in research.
- Supplementing or replacing part of the salary of a researcher on sabbatical from their main appointment.
Travel and Subsistence Costs
Travel and subsistence costs (meals and accommodation) include reasonable out-of-pocket expenses for field work, research conferences, collaborative trips, and historical research, for the grantee, research personnel and students working with the grantee, and visiting researchers.
- Air travel must be claimed at the lowest rate available, not to exceed full economy fare.
- Travel cancellation insurance and seat reservation charges.
- Travel health insurance for research personnel who do not receive any such benefits from their institution and/or other sources.
- Safety-related expenses for field work, such as protective gear, immunizations, etc.
- Entry visa fee (for grantees and/or research personnel) when required for the purpose of research.
- Collaborators’ travel and subsistence expenses related to research planning and exchange of information with the grantee or for the dissemination of research results; unless this is not permitted according to their formal participation in certain programs, as described in NSERC’s Eligibility Criteria for Faculty (NSERC only).
- Relocation costs for eligible research personnel and their immediate family members:
- economy airfare; or
- cost of land travel, up to the equivalent of economy airfare.
- Child care expenses while a nursing mother or single parent is travelling:
- The eligible cost for a single parent is limited to overnight child care costs incurred while the grantee is travelling.
- The eligible cost for a nursing mother who is travelling with a child is limited to the customary cost of child care and airfare if applicable. If travelling with a caregiver, travel and accommodation cost can be claimed in lieu of and up to the equivalent of child care costs.
- Commuting costs of grantees and associated research personnel between their residence and place of employment, or between two places of employment.
- Passport and immigration fees.
- Costs associated with thesis examination/defence, including external examiner costs.
- Reimbursement for airfare purchased with personal frequent flyer points programs.
- Costs related to a vehicle necessary for field work (with prior institutional approval; the vehicle must be licensed and insured during the sabbatical period).
- Direct research expenses, including research assistance, bench fees and field work expenses, including travel and accommodations, when supported by appropriate documentation.
- Transportation costs to move research equipment or material to and from the sabbatical location.
- Travel costs to attend conferences.
- The costs of travel between the home institution and the sabbatical location, limited to one return trip ticket, except in unusual circumstances.
- Costs of transporting research personnel to and from a grantee's sabbatical location for supervisory or academic purposes.
- Costs of transporting the grantee to the home institution for supervisory or academic purposes.
- Living expenses (subsistence and accommodation costs).
Equipment and Supplies
For computers and electronic communications, refer to the section titled Computers and Electronic Communications.
- Research equipment and supplies. See the List of Eligible and Non-eligible Expenses for Stationery and Office Supplies for additional information.
- Travel costs to visit manufacturers to select major equipment purchases.
- Transportation costs for purchased equipment.
- Extended warranty for equipment.
- Brokerage and customs charges for the importation of equipment and supplies.
- The costs of training staff to use equipment or a specialized facility.
- Maintenance and operating costs of equipment and vehicles used for Agency-supported research.
- Insurance costs for equipment and research vehicles.
- Costs of the construction, renovation or rental of laboratories or supporting facilities.
Computers and Electronic Communications
- Computers, tablets, modems, emerging technology and other hardware and/or specialized software required for the research not normally provided by the institution, and with adequate justification establishing the need in relation to the funded research.
- Cellular phones, smartphone or other electronic devices when they are necessary for research purposes (e.g., data collection), and/or for personnel safety reasons with adequate justification.
- Monthly plan fees for electronic devices when being used for the research purposes (e.g., data collection), and/or for personal safety reasons only.
- Standard monthly connection or rental costs of telephones.
- Connection or installation of lines (telephone or other links).
- Voice mail.
- Library acquisitions, computer and other information services provided to all members of an institution.
- Home internet costs.
Dissemination of Research Results
- Costs of developing web-based information, including website maintenance fees.
- Costs associated with the dissemination of findings (i.e., through traditional venues as well as videos, CD-ROMs).
- Page charges for articles published, including costs associated with ensuring open access to the findings (e.g., costs of publishing in an open access journal or making a journal article open access).
- Costs of preparing a research manuscript for publication.
- Translation costs associated with dissemination of findings.
- Costs of holding a workshop or seminar, the activities of which relate directly to the funded research (including non-alcoholic refreshments or meal costs).
Services and Miscellaneous Expenses
- Recruiting costs for research personnel, such as advertising and airfare for candidates, etc.
- Costs for safe disposal of waste.
- Costs for the purchase of books or periodicals, specialized office supplies, computing equipment and information services not formally provided by the institution to all its academic and research staff.
- Costs involved in providing personnel with training and/or development in novel techniques required for the conduct of the research project.
- Specialized courses with adequate justification.
- Hospitality costs (non-alcoholic refreshments or meals) for networking purposes in the context of formal courtesy between the grantee and guest researchers and research-related activities in the context of assemblies that facilitate and contribute to the achievement of the research objectives (e.g., grantee meeting with partners, stakeholders, guest researchers).
- Costs of membership in professional associations or scientific societies if necessary for the research program/project.
- Monthly parking fees for vehicles specifically required for field work and only for month(s) when field work was conducted.
- Costs of alcohol.
- Costs of entertainment, hospitality and gifts, other than those specified above such as regular interactions with colleagues from the institution and personnel meetings.
- Costs related to staff awards and recognition.
- Education-related costs such as thesis preparation, tuition and course fees, leading up to a degree.
- Costs related to professional training or development, such as computer and language training.
- Costs involved in the preparation of teaching materials.
- Costs of basic services such as heat, light, water, compressed air, distilled water, vacuums and janitorial services supplied to all laboratories in a research facility.
- Insurance costs for buildings or equipment.
- Costs associated with regulatory compliance, including ethical review, biohazard or radiation safety, environmental assessments, or provincial or municipal regulations and by-laws.
- Monthly parking fees for vehicles, unless specifically required for field work.
- Sales taxes to which an exemption or rebate applies.
- Costs of regular clothing.
- Patenting expenses.
- Costs of moving a lab.